A very warm Welcome to SOCRATES !!

SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

SOCRATES is available in both Print and On-line versions.


SOCRATES aspires to be one of Worlds leading Journal Publishing innovative, responsive and high-quality Research Papers. Socrates is a serious, scholarly publication that is peer-reviewed and indexed, and we only accept quality manuscripts to publish in this international journal.Our mission behind introducing and initiating this journal is to motivate Scholars who have the willingness to Produce and publish quality research and discuss his/her original research, thoughts and ideas. We strongly believe in the concept of a connected academic world of researchers. Thus, we have indexed our journal at some of the best citation centres.

Current Status of the Journal:

  • The Journal Socrates is relatively young yet well-known around the Globe.
  • SOCRATES has been recognised as one of the major international journals worldwide. One and only Journal from Asia and the pacific which has been included in E-journals.org. E-Journals.org is the most honoured and trusted source which dates back to Tim Berners-Lee (inventor of the World Wide Web).
  • Produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network.
  • GLOBAL IMPACT FACTOR - 2013 0.512 | 2014 0.611 | 2015 0.765
  • Index Copernicus: ICV 2013: 4.17 | ICV 2014: 69.00 | ICV 2015: 73.13
  • SOCRATES is under evaluation in Science Citation Index (SCI), ISI Web of Knowledge and Web of Science (Thomson Reuters)
  • SOCRATES is under evaluation in SCOPUS
  • SOCRATES is under evolution for inclusion in "The Philosopher’s Index" (The Most Authoritative Online Bibliography in Philosophy).
  • SOCRATES is a REGISTERED JOURNAL FOR INDEXING (METADATA HARVESTING) Base URL for SOCRATES Repository: OAI-PMH version is 2.0 http://www.socratesjournal.com/index.php/socrates/oai Registered with world's topmost directories and databases.OAI base:http://www.socratesjournal.com/index.php/socrates/oai

Other Units/projects of the Journal:



Socrates Journal is Open for paper submission.We accept paper submission from 22 Disciplines and 3 languages (English- Hindi- Persian). It is recommended for Authors to read our Editorial Policies before making a submission. In case you do not like to use the online submission system; which allows you to track the progress and the status of your paper online, you can submit your paper through the "Quick Submit" paper submission portal on the footer of this website.

  • There is no article submission fee.
  • There is no article review fee.
  • There is no article publication fee.
  • Published Authors would be provided with one copy of their published full issue without any fee; (Print copy if author is from India, E-Copy, if the author is from overseas).

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We are accepting paper submission for: Special issue "English language and literature"

No Deadline for paper submission: This issue would be published when ready.

Submit your paper online for review and consideration of publication. (Open Submission)

Theme and paper submission portal


Queries ?? Contact e-mail: editor@socratesjournal.com


We are accepting paper submission for: Special issue on "Ancient Greek Philosophy"

No Deadline for paper submission: This issue would be published when ready.

Submit your paper online for review and consideration of publication. (Open Submission)

Theme and paper submission portal

Queries ?? Contact e-mail: olivera.z.mijuskovic@socratesjournal.com


Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Issue-June

VOL. 5 NO. 2 (2017) ISSUE - JUNE ISSN 2347-2146
About this issue:

This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections.

The first section is Language & Literature- English.

The paper authored by Mehnaz Khan and Hasnain Mashood Ali applies Goffman’s model as a comprehensive approach to analyze the data to understand the role of health in identity formation. The findings examined within the context of ideological and cultural background and interpreted in the light of Althusser’s (1971) ideological framework. The paper concludes by stating that identity is the product of social relationships implicitly formed in the ideological background and is a source of motivation and expectations to transform one into social being capable of expressive control.

The paper authored by Amaladhas Dr J. analyses the consciousness that grew out of the unrelieved suffering and psychological traumas of a group of people who were subjected to overt and covert racism in the USA for about four centuries.

The second section of this issue is Psychology.

The Paper authored by Ioanna C. Bitchava, Paleologou Angie-M. P, Chrousos George P., Artemiadis Artemios K. and Darviri Christina is an innovative quasi-experimental study, whose core aim was not only to investigate the role of Stress and Stress-Management on the Physical, Mental, and Cognitive Health of first-year University Students during the transition period into the tertiary education system (especially in the contemporary Greek Society), but also to apply an innovative Stress Management Technique [based on the Ancient Greek Philosophy - with contemporary successful effects], Pythagorean Self-Awareness –comparatively to the worldwide "classic" Stress-Management Techniques – for the first time worldwide into this target-group, as well. This paper is an issue of great importance.

The third section of this issue is Sociology. 

The paper authored by Neha Singh and Dr Neeraj Mishra explores the nuances that industrialization is mired with, in relation to the rivers, associated large infrastructure and rivers attributed sacredness. The paper uses the case of river Kshipra flowing in the city of Ujjain to explain the shifting attribution of ‘sacred’ from natural things like rivers to materialistic things like money. The paper discusses the change in the significance of river during a world famous festival of Hindus for holy dip Simhastha. The paper explains the shift in focus of Simhastha from holy dip to crowd control, space allocation, crass commercialisation and unchecked competition. It explains using the theory of sacred and profane of Durkheim and Eliade, how in the modern time's secularisation of religion and sacralization of secular has created the sacred/profane distinction which is making the rivers only the source for consumption forgetting their actual significance.

The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance. 

The paper authored by Dr Adesanya Olusegun Paul and Olominu Tomi explores some of the responsible variables are a mind-body problem, alternative thinking, and poverty to mention a few. These variables are the identified drivers of dimensions of insecurity and/or crises that are witnessed in both countries. Given this, the study demonstrates the role of the fugitive youths in the abating terror attacks at the frontiers and within some regions of Nigeria and Cameroun. Also, the study argues that priority should be accorded to the factors inducing fugitive youths to embrace anti-social/anti-societal behaviours, especially terrorism within the Nigeria and Cameroun.

The fifth section of this issue is Digital government/E-government/Electronic government/Online government.  The paper authored by Alsaeed Abraheem and Dr Carl Adams undertakes a comparison of eGov strategies among countries at different levels of instability. It highlights the different approaches for implementing activities, and thus directs policy makers in highly unstable societies to important aspects and to embrace gaps during the implementation process.  Consequently, the lessons learned by adopting best practice from different contexts enhances the process of activities’ development in an unstable environment. This paper aims to emphasise on the factors that influenced strategic planning in societies with different levels of stability to adopt eService successfully.  This comparison study explores the eService strategies among three cases namely: eGov Strategy in Syria, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The result reveals the approaches that each government had adopted in order to reach their eGov potential. The authors have applied the Reinventing Government approach by Osborne and Gaebler (1992) as a theoretical framework. By using their ten principles of transforming governments this provides understanding about the context and issues of providing eGov services within the three case studies and to what degree each case strategy has an influence on the activities implemented.

The paper authored by Dr Tetiana Fesenko and Dr Galyna Fesenko aims to outline the role of ICT in urban management. The digital segment is presented as significant for making cities sustainable, and for expanding access to basic services for large numbers of people. The matrix of ICT-tools in relation to sustainable cities development targets is developed. The comparative review of Digital City, Intelligent City, and Smart City is provided. The municipal e-government data of international ratings are analyzed with the special focus on aspects of online services management. The existing digital gaps between cities are pointed out in terms of e-governance maturity. It is proposed the maturity model of the municipal digital office, which it consists eight levels of the functional responsibility for urban online services development.

  • Mehnaz  khan, Lecturer in English National University of Modern Languages Peshawar Campus KPK Pakistan, PhD Scholar in English Literature in Islamia College University Peshawar KPK, Pakistan
  • Hasnain Mashood Ali, Lecturer in English National University of Modern Languages Peshawar Campus  Pakistan
  • Dr. J. Amaladhas, Associate Professor & HOD Department of English Malankara Catholic College Mariagiri, Kaliakkavilai Tamilnadu, India
  • Ioanna C. Bitchava, Doctoral candidate in Clinical Psychology Postgraduate Course Stress Management and Health Promotion, Athens Kapodistrian National University Medical School Athens Greece
  • Paleologou Angie-M. P. , Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychology, Self-Lineation Special Laboratory, Department of Philosophy, Pedagogy, and Psychology (Section of Psychology), University of Ioannina, Greece
  • Artemiadis Artemios K. , Medical Doctor (Neurologist) at 417 NIMTS Hospital, Athens , Greece
  • Chrousos George P. Professor and Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics at the Athens University Medical School, Athens Greece
  • Darviri Christina, Professor of Prevention and Health Promotion, The Medical School of the Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
  • Neha Singh,  Research Scholar, Department of Sociology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Indore,  India
  • Dr. Neeraj Mishra, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Indore.  India
  • Adesanya Olusegun Paul, Department of Political Science and International Studies, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Olominu Tomi, Department of International Relations and Diplomacy Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti (ABUAD)Country Nigeria
  • Alsaeed Abraheem, Ph.D. Researcher in the School of Computing at the University of Portsmouth United Kingdom
  • Dr. Carl Adams, Researcher-School of Computing, Faculty of Technology, The University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom
  • Dr. Galyna Fesenko, Associate Professor, Department of History and Cultural Studies O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Dr. Tetiana Fesenko Associate Professor Department of Engineering and Architecture Luhansk National Agrarian University, Kharkiv, Ukraine