Aristotle's concept of the state
In contrast to a little bit utopian standpoint offered by Plato in his teachings about the state or politeia where rulers aren`t “in love with power but in virtue”, Aristotle's teaching on the same subject seems very realistic and pragmatic. In his most important writing in this field called "Politics", Aristotle classified authority in the form of two main parts: the correct authority and moose authority. In this sense, correct forms of government are 1.basileus, 2.aristocracy and 3.politeia. These forms of government are based on the common good. Bad or moose forms of government are those that are based on the property of an individual or small governmental structures and they are: 1.tiranny, 2.oligarchy and 3.democracy. Also, Aristotle's political thinking is not separate from the ethical principles so he states that the government should be reflected in the true virtue that is "law" or the "golden mean".
Aristotle. Metaphysics, 991a20–22.
Clark, P. (2017). The Classical Astrologer. The Classical Astrologer. Retrieved from https://classicalastrologer.me/
Kerferd, G. B. (1981). Sophistic Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Laertius, D. (1959). Lives of Eminent Philosophers. : Trans. R. D. Hicks. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Mijuskovic, Olivera Z. (2012). From Plato`s Academy to Modern Education as a most important recource. International Journal of Science, Challenges of Education, Pg. 100-109
Mijuskovic, Olivera Z. (2013). Balkan and Philosophy. International Journal of Science, Pg. 149-162
Plato. (1924) Laches. Protagoras. Meno. Euthydemus. Trans. W. R. M. Lamb. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Plato. (1967) Plato II: Laches, Protagoras, Meno, Euthydemus. Trans. W. R. M. Lamb. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Plato. (1925). Plato VII: Theaetetus, Sophist. Trans. H. N. Fowler. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Plato, Republic 336c & 337a, Theaetetus 150c, Apology of Socrates 23a; Xenophon, Memorabilia 4.4.
Russell B. (1972) A History of Western Philosophy and Its Connection with Political and Social Circumstances from the Earliest Times to the Present Day. : Simon & Schuster New York. Retrieved from http://www.ntslibrary.com/PDF%20Books/History%20of%20Western%20Philosophy.pdf
Sextus E. (1953-59) Sextus Empiricus. Trans. R. G. Bury. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Slavitt David R., Bovie P. (1999) Aristophanes, 3 The Suits, Clouds, Birds. Trans. Delanty. G., Poster C. Muldoon, P. Richard Martin. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999: Pg. 85-192.
West M. L.(1997). The East Face of Helicon: West Asiatic Elements in Greek Poetry and Myth. Oxford [England] ; New York: Clarendon Press
Copyright (c) 2017 Mijuskovic Olivera Z.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Revised Copyright/CC license that applies to all the articles published after 05-02-2017
Copyright/CC license that applies to all the articles published before 05-02-2017
Author(s) will retain all the right except commercial and re-publishing rights. In the case of re-publishing, they will have to obtain written permission from the journal. Additional licensing agreements (Creative Commons licenses) grants rights to readers to copy, distribute, display and perform the work as long as you give the original author(s) credit, they can not use the works for commercial purposes and are not allowed to alter, transform, or build upon the work. For any reuse or distribution, readers and users must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holders. Nothing in this license impairs or restricts the authors’ rights. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.
Research Papers published in SOCRATES are licensed under an Attribution -NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)