Main Article Content
“Democracy, a tale of Sustainability”, is a trans-disciplinary critical project, it deals with the question of how and why the civilizations of modernity construct social realities that fundamentally and institutionally are socio-politically unequal, unsustainable and that ecologically these societies reproduce unequal exchange of human, social and environmental resources and information. Moreover, it tries to position an alternative pathway for radical and democratic transformation through “the project of autonomy” influenced from the struggle for the commons as a protest against the commodification and monetarization of the whole of our existence. This project is both theoretical and practical; a qualitative and quantitative analysis from Skouries of Halkidiki, Greece. It aims to expand the knowledge about the struggle of social movements, as well as exposing the endless possibilities humanity have to re-imagine an autonomous present and a sustainable future.
Revised Copyright/CC license that applies to all the articles published after 05-02-2017
Copyright/CC license that applies to all the articles published before 05-02-2017
Author(s) will retain all the right except commercial and re-publishing rights. In the case of re-publishing, they will have to obtain written permission from the journal. Additional licensing agreements (Creative Commons licenses) grants rights to readers to copy, distribute, display and perform the work as long as you give the original author(s) credit, they can not use the works for commercial purposes and are not allowed to alter, transform, or build upon the work. For any reuse or distribution, readers and users must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holders. Nothing in this license impairs or restricts the authors’ rights. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.
Research Papers published in SOCRATES are licensed under an Attribution -NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
Amnesty International. (2013). “Greece: Need for Investigation of Police Conduct Towards Residents of Town Objecting Gold Mining Operations.” Amnesty Documents. Accessed March 13, 2014. https://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/EUR25/004/2013/en/c81397ca-0895-4f7a-92b5- 82370134de8f/eur250042013en.html
Avgeropoulos, G. (2012). “Gold at the times of Crisis.” Exandas Documentaries. Accessed April 7, 2014. http://www.exandasdocumentaries.com/gr/documentaries/chronologically/2012-2013/330-xrysos-sta-xronia-tis-krisis-o-thisavros-tis-kassandras.
Badiou, A. (2007). De Quoi Sarkozy est-il le Nom? Paris: Nouvelles Éditins Lignes.
BBC. (2013). “Arsonists Attack Hellas Gold Mine in Northern Greece”. Accessed March 13, 2014. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-21489779.
Beilharz, P. (2006). “The Worlds we Create.” Polish Sociological Review 3, no. 155: 325-336.
Bingham, A. (2010). “Discourse of the Dammed: A study of the Impacts of Sustainable Development Discourse on Indigenous Peoples on the Brazilian Amazon in the Context of the Proposed Belo Monte Hydroelectric Dam.” Polis Journal 4, no. 1: 1-47.
Castoriadis, C. (2010). A society Adrift. Interviews and debates 1974-1997. Translated by Helen Arnold. New York: Fordham University Press.
Chomsky, Noam, and Edward S. H. 1988. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media. New York: Pantheon Books.
Curia. 2012. “Order of the General Court”. Fifth Chamber. Accessed March 12, 2014. http://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document_print.jsf;jsessionid=9ea7d2dc30db36214f6d81024a7293088c9284aa20b5.e34KaxiLc3qMb40Rch0SaxuKbhb0?doclang=EN&text=&pageIndex=0&part=1&mode=DOC&docid=121562&occ=first&dir=&cid=1117520.
Curtis, David Ames, edited and translated. 1997. The Castoriadis Reader. Oxford: Blackwell Press.
Dimitriadis, S. (2011). “Comments on the EIA of Hellas Gold S.A. in Halkidiki”. Accessed April 7, 2014.
Eldoradogold. (2012). “Eldorado Gold Corporation Completes Acquisition of European Goldfields Limited.” Accessed March 13, 2014. http://www.eldoradogold.com/?ReportID=508993.
Eldoradogold.(2013). “Skouries.” Accessed March 13, 2014 http://www.eldoradogold.com/assets/europe/projects/skouries/.
Ellinikos Xrysos-A.E.M.B.X.-ENVECO A.E. (2010). “Study of the Environmental Consequences of the Mining Project.” Accessed April 7, (2014). http://www.e-stratoni.gr/files/mpe_hellas_gold/Kyria_Meleti.pdf.
Environmental Council of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. (2011). “Recommendation of the Committee for the Mining Activity in Northern Halkidiki.” Accessed April 7, 2014. http://soshalkidiki.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/symvoulio_perivallontos_auth.pdf.
European Commission-Eurostat. (2013). “Socioeconomic Development.” Accessed March 1, 2014. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/sdi/indicators/theme1.
Faculty of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. (2012). “Finding of the Teaching Members and Research Staff Committee of the Faculty of Agriculture of AUTH.” Accessed April 8, 2014. http://soshalkidiki.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/geoponiki.pdf.
Forestry Division of Halkidiki. (2011). “Opinion on Projects Mining-Metalurgical Plants of Cassandra Mines b) Removal, Cleaning and Restoration of Olympiada’s Old Repository Tailings by Hellas Gold S.A.” Accessed April 8, 2014. http://soshalkidiki.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/soshalkidiki_01_en.pdf.
Gezerlis, Alexandros. (2001). “Castoriadis and the Project of Autonomy. A review of the Imaginary Institution of Society.” Article: Democracy and Nature 7, no. 3: 469-487.
Hajer, Maarten A. (1995). The Politics of Environmental Discourse. Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Harvey, David. (2007). A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hegel, G.W.F. (1977). Phenomenology of Spirit. Translated by A.V. Miller, with analysis by J.N. Findlay. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hellas Gold S.A. – Evnesco S.A. (2010). “Environmental Impact Assessment of the Project ‘Mining Metallurgical Plants of Cassandra’s Mines’ by the Company Hellas Gold S.A. in Halkidiki”. Accessed April 7, 2014.
Investopedia. (2014). “Externality.” Accessed April 7, 2014. http://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/externality.asp.
Klein, Naomi. (2013). “Is Greece in a Shock?” Accessed April 12, 2014. http://www.enetenglish.gr/?i=news.en.article&id=766. http://www.e-stratoni.gr/files/mpe_hellas_gold/Kyria_Meleti.pdf.
Kioupkiolis, Alexandros. (2012) . Freedom After the Critique of Foundations. London: Palgrave Macmillan Press.
Marx, Karl. (1967). Capital: A Critique of Political Economy, Vol 1. New York: International Publishers.
Poulimeni, Stavroula. (2015). “The Movement against the Gold Extraction in Skouries and the
Romanou, N. (2014). “Economic and Ecological Crisis in Greece: The Global Context and Syriza Solution.” Accessed April 12, 2014. http://newpol.org/content/economic-and-ecological-crisis-%E2%80%A8in-greece.
SosHalkidiki. (2013). “Halkidiki-Mines.” Accessed May 2, 2014. http://soshalkidiki.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/soshalkidiki_01_en.pdf.
Sweeting, A.R, and A.P. Clark. (2010). “Lightening the Lode: A guide to Responsible LargeScale Mining.” Conservation International. Accessed April 7, 2014. http://www.conservation.org/Pages/PageNotFoundError.aspx?requestUrl=http://www.conservation.org/global/celb/Documents/lode.pdf.
The Guardian. (2014). “Nasa-Funded Study: Industrial Civilisation Headed for 'Irreversible Collapse'?” Edited by Nazeef Ahmed. Accessed March 15, 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/environment/earth-insight/2014/mar/14/nasa-civilisation-irreversible-collapse-study-scientists.
Triantafyllidis, G. (2012). “Appearances of Gold in Northern Greece and Production by Extraction of the Rock: The Fate of ‘Interchangeable Metal’ on Water Ecosystems.” Accessed April 7, 2014. http://soshalkidiki.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/triantafyllidis_1.pdf.
Wilton, Jen. (2013). “Mining Interests Triumph Local Democracy in Greece.” Accessed March 12, 2014.
Zagas, D. (2010). “Environmental Impacts from the Implementation of the Investment Plan for Cassandra’s Mines in the Area of M. Panagia, Halkidiki.” Accessed April 8, 2014. http://soshalkidiki.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/zagkas.pdf.
Zinn, H. (2002). You Can’t Be Neutral in a Moving Train: A Personal History of our Times. Boston: Beacon Press.
Zorilla, C. (2009). “Protecting Your Community Against Mining Companies and Other Extractive Organizers.” Accessed April 7, 2014. http://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/united-states/protecting-your-community-0.
Zikakou, I. (2015). “Greek State Council Suspends Skourletis’ Decision to Close Skouries Mine.”Accessed December 21, 2015. http://greece.greekreporter.com/2015/10/02/greek-state-council-suspends-skourletis-decision-to-close-skouries-mine/.