About this issue: This issue of Socrates has been divided into three sections. The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- English.

The first article of this section tends to illustrate how, in spite of all those failures, Oedipus can be a hero.The second article of this section aims to explore artificial intelligence within the area of popular science fiction novels and films, which incorporates the fantasy of techno-salvation in the near future of singularity through overcoming the carbon limitations of human, fusing essence of spirituality with technology as well as extending spiritual beliefs into technological faith. The third article of this section deals with Comparative Poetics. It claims that the emergent plurivocal conversation of a comparative poetics that includes Middle East will open new horizons to our cross-cultural perspective.

The second section of this issue is Philosophy.

The first article of this section argues that we ought to make a concerted effort to promote intrinsic value in education.The philosophical novel, when written, taught, or read playfully, has potential to furnish this intrinsic value, thereby offering a promising way of seizing the moment in education. The second article of this section explores the systematic relationship in the work of Giordano Bruno (1548-1600) between his monadology, his metaphysics as presented in works such as De la causa, principio et uno, the mythopoeic cosmology of Lo spaccio de la bestia trionfante, and practical works like De vinculis in genere. The third article of this section argues for the synthesis of the Internalism and Externalism theory of justification. It is the opinion of the paper that since both internalist and externalists legitimately seeks the epistemic quest for certainty, both are important epistemologically.

The third section of this issue is Economics, Commerce and Management. The Paper of this section analyzes different monetary and non-monetary factors influencing the poverty level. The analyze is based on data from the Living Standard Measurement Survey and using structural equations model.



Classic works of art are the ones read and analyzed by different scholars in academic discussion since they have always inspired the modern writers to produce their masterpieces. The story of King Oedipus is one of those stories which has been used, whether directly or indirectly, by famous writers to deepen the meanings of their writings. Though he is a failed man at the end, Oedipus can be considered a hero archetypically. By applying an archetypal analysis of the play King Oedipus, written by Sophocles, the present study tends to illustrate how, in spite of all those failures, he can be a hero.

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