About this issue:

This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections.

The first section is Language & Literature- English. The first article of this section deals with Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of “symbolic” or “soft” violencein Margaret Drabble’s latest novel, The Pure Gold Baby (2013).The second article of this section tends to analyses Connection in Richard Ford’s A Multitude of Sins. The third article of this section applies the formalistic approach to scrutinize the two poems of William Butler Yeats.

The second section is Philosophy. The first article of this section analyses the epistemological limit that separates the superhero fictitious universe from our universe of causal reality. The second article of this section argues that whatever might be said about his attack on other German philosophers, Santayana’s attack on Kant, despite its subtlety, its force and its intelligence, is fundamentally misguided.

The third section is Economics, Commerce and Management. In the first paper of this section authors have examined how, when and to what extent Strategic Human Resource Practices affect performance at the employee level. The second article of this section explores some of the important aspects of effective mobile money and digital financial services in bringing financial inclusion.

The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance. The article in this section explores the African Union’s (“AU”) science and technology plan and strategy for Africa within the construct of Kwame Nkrumah’s socio-political thought. The fifth section of this issue The new Book, reviews “AamNama” by renowned scholar and poet “Suhail Kakorvi”.


Narrative as Soft Violence in Margaret Drabble’s The Pure Gold Baby


This article deals with Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of “symbolic” or “soft” violencein Margaret Drabble’s latest novel, The Pure Gold Baby (2013). The novel is about a young anthropologist student, who becomes pregnant whilst in a relationship with her married professor. Her promising academic career and dreams of being a field anthropologist and of returning to Africa are put to one side and she becomes a desk-bound anthropologist in north London while caring for her daughter, the “pure gold baby” of the title, who suffers from serious developmental problems. The article reflects the importance of the ambiguity of narration in the novel in which soft violence is practiced by the author, the narrator, the protagonist, the educational and religious institutions, as well as through the class structure. It shows a complex and interrelated thematic and theoretical strands, discussing the novelist as anthropologist, narration as controlling authorial act, the shift from victimhood to perpetration of violence in the exploration of gender, education and sexuality.It explores the soft violence of racism and colonial exploitation and domination.

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