About this Issue: This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections. The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- English. The first article of this section focuses on the ways, Dariyush Mehrjoui (well-known Iranian filmmaker) has tried to portray an Iranian intellectual in a situation similar to that of Herzog, rendering through this character the complex socio-political and cultural situation of post-revolutionary Iran., with the objective of offering insight into the political and cultural atmosphere of the modernized and post-revolutionary Iran. The second article of this section analyses Sam Shepard reflection on the traditional meanings of myth and their erasure in the postmodern societies.
The second section of this issue is Language & Literature- Persian. The first article of this section is in Persian script, which analyses the Photography of water and reflection of meaning in the works of Prof. Amir H. Zekrgoo. The second article of this section seeks to provide a short introduction of notables who migrated to Awadh after the fall of Delhi and give a general overview of the life and contribution of these literary figures towards the development of the Persian literature.
The third section of this issue is Philosophy, which contains an article that details the experiences of a social scientist in his quest to develop a greater understanding of science, scientists and those characteristics that ultimately determine greatness.
The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance, which contains an article that identifies good governance approach in tackling the raging menace of insecurity in the African continent. Finally, the paper concluded that one important missing link in the current democratization as well as guarantee of security in Africa is the challenge of flawed democracy.
The fifth section of this issue is Interviews and Discussions, which contains the interview of Author and Historian Monette Bebow-Reinhard, who has been working with copper ancient rarities since 2000. She has been incorporating a database of copper ancient rarities (CAMD)all through the country with an end goal to track an exchange system.
An Iranian Herzog
Regarded as one of the twentieth century’s most eminent authors, Saul Bellow (1915 – 2005) has had a huge influence on other artists. His works address the disordering nature of modern civilization, and the ability of humans to find their way in this disorder and achieve greatness and/or awareness. His sixth novel, Herzog (1964), has been regarded as a classic by many critics. The novel centers on a middle-aged college professor who is entangled in a traumatic situation and undergoes a severe identity crisis. The Iranian film Hamoun (1989) is a free adaptation of this novel. Its director, Dariyush Mehrjoui (1940-) is a well-known Iranian filmmaker who has been regarded as a master of adaptation in Iran. In this film Mehrjoui tries to portray an Iranian intellectual in a situation similar to that of Herzog, rendering through this character the complex socio-political and cultural situation of post-revolutionary Iran. The present paper focuses on the ways Mehrjui manages to achieve this aim, with the objective of offering insight into the political and cultural atmosphere of the modernized and post-revolutionary Iran.