SOCRATES <h4><strong>A very warm Welcome to <em>SOCRATES</em> !!</strong></h4> <div style="text-align: justify;">SOCRATES is an international, multi-disciplinary, refereed and indexed scholarly journal.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">This journal appears quarterly in English.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>SOCRATES is available in both Print and On-line versions:</strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ Printed Version (ISSN 2347-2146): <a title="Click here" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Format: Print Book</a></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ Online Version (ISSN 2347-6869): Format: Published online (<em>PDF</em>)</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ Journal Frequency: <a href="">Published quarterly</a> in March-June-September and December i.e. Four Issues in a year.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ Script/Language of the Journal: English</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>❊ Broad Subject Category: Social Science/Arts and Humanities</strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ Subjects/Disciplines Covered: Multidisciplinary</div> <div>1. <a href=""><span class="toctext">English literature</span></a></div> <div>2. <a href="">Philosophy</a></div> <div>3. <a href="">Political Science</a> (including Public-Administration/Public-Management/Governance)</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ SOCRATES is available for <a href="">Subscription</a>.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">☰ Editorial policies revised on May 2, 2018 <a href="">&lt;Journal Hostory&gt;</a></div> <h4><strong>Mission:</strong></h4> <p style="text-align: justify;">SOCRATES aspires to be one of the Worlds leading Journal Publishing innovative, responsive and high-quality Research Papers. Socrates is a serious, scholarly publication that is peer-reviewed and indexed, and we only accept quality manuscripts to publish in this international journal.Our mission behind introducing and initiating this journal is to motivate Scholars who have the willingness to Produce and publish quality research and discuss his/her original research, thoughts and ideas. We strongly believe in the concept of a connected academic world of researchers.</p> <h4><strong>Current Status of the Journal:</strong></h4> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ The Journal Socrates is relatively young yet well-known around the Globe.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ SOCRATES has been recognised as one of the major international journals worldwide. One and only Journal from Asia and the Pacific which has been included in <a href="" rel="noopener"></a>. is the most honoured and trusted source which dates back to Tim Berners-Lee (inventor of the World Wide Web).</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ Produced as par of the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Harvard Dataverse</a> Network.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ Index Copernicus: ICV 2013: 4.17 | <a href=";org=SOCRATES,p24780654,3.html" rel="noopener">ICV 2014: 69.00 | ICV 2015: 73.13 | ICV 2016: <span class="fs-journal-icv-ibox-title ng-binding ng-scope">59.45</span></a></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ SOCRATES is under evaluation in Science Citation Index (SCI), ISI Web of Knowledge and Web of Science (Thomson Reuters)</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ SOCRATES is under evaluation in SCOPUS</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">❊ SOCRATES is a REGISTERED JOURNAL FOR INDEXING (METADATA HARVESTING) Base URL for SOCRATES Repository: OAI-PMH version is 2.0 <strong><em></em>&nbsp;</strong>Registered with world's topmost directories and databases.</div> <h4><strong>Other Units/projects of the Journal:</strong></h4> <div style="text-align: left;">❊ <a href="">SOCRATES: BOOK REVIEWS</a></div> <div style="text-align: left;">❊ <a href="">Publication of Reports as an Issue or as part of an issue.</a></div> <div style="text-align: left;">❊ <a href="">Publication of Special issues based on Scholarly events.</a></div> <div style="text-align: left;">❊ <a title="Click here" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Book publication support</a></div> en-US <h4 style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Revised Copyright/CC license that applies to all the articles published after 05-02-2017</strong></h4> <div style="text-align: justify;">Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><img src="/public/site/images/socratesjournal/by-nc1.png"></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">Author(s) will retain all the Copyright of their published article. In the case of re-publishing, they will have to obtain written permission from the journal. Additional licensing agreements (Creative Commons licenses) grants rights to readers to Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material.The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div id="deed-conditions" style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Under the following terms:</strong></div> <strong>▸ Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" href="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" href="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<strong>▸ </strong><strong>NonCommercial</strong> — You may not use the material for <a id="commercial_purposes_popup" class="helpLink" href="">commercial purposes</a>.<strong>▸ No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" href="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;">Nothing in this license impairs or restricts the authors’ rights. To view a copy of this license, visit <a title="Click Here" href="" data-blogger-escaped-target="_blank"></a> or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. Research Papers published in SOCRATES after 05-02-2017 are licensed under an Attribution -Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Date of revision: Creative common license: 05-02-2017</strong></div> <div style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <h4 style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Copyright/CC license that applies to all the articles published before 05-02-2017</strong></h4> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Attribution -NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)</strong> <p><strong><img src="/public/site/images/socratesjournal/cc-by-nc-nd.png"></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Author(s) will retain all the right except commercial and re-publishing rights. In the case of re-publishing, they will have to obtain written permission from the journal. Additional licensing agreements (Creative Commons licenses) grants rights to readers to copy, distribute, display and perform the work as long as you give the original author(s) credit, they can not use the works for commercial purposes and are not allowed to alter, transform, or build upon the work. For any reuse or distribution, readers and users must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holders. Nothing in this license impairs or restricts the authors’ rights. To view a copy of this license, visit <a href=""></a> or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.</p> <p>Research Papers published in SOCRATES are licensed under an Attribution -NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)</p> </div> (Saurabh Chandra) (Saurabh Chandra) Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Sarah Kane’s Blasted Through A Psychoanalytic Lens <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Psychoanalytic concepts which pervade our daily lives help us better understand human </em>behaviors<em> depicted, for instance, in literary texts; in fact, a psychological approach is an excellent tool for critical analysis and for solving a work’s thematic and symbolic mysteries. Sarah Kane's Blasted, a good deal of the narrative progression deals with Ian and Cate’s psychological </em>behavior<em> and their romantic relationship which has important implications for psychoanalytic criticism. The characters’ </em>behavior<em>, narrative events, and images could be explained in terms of psychoanalytic concepts and different unconscious motives consisting of repressed wounds, fears, unresolved conflicts and guilty desires that operate in the main characters throughout this play. Applying Lacan and Freud’s psychoanalytic techniques and psychological theories one can arrive at an interpretation of the play and of the motives behind the individual </em>behavior<em>.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>DOI: 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00007.9</strong></p> Sara Setayesh Copyright (c) 2018 sara setayesh Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Power, Privilege or Right <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>The present research paper is an evaluation of power, privilege or right enjoyed by the men in Pakistani Patriarchal society in Attar of Roses and Other Stories of Pakistan, a collection by Tahira Naqvi. Naqvi is an emerging female Pakistani writer in English, who has used her fiction to radicalize the marginalized position of Pakistani women. The objective of this paper is to pinpoint the social and political position of patriarchal society through which woman subjugation by men becomes a power, a privilege </em>or a ri<em>ght to be exercised. Radical Feminism will serve as a theoretical and conceptual framework for the apt exploration of the problematic. Naqvi has a well-organized stance to present in her stories and there is a true depiction of woman subjugation, patriarchal oppression and sense of insecurity in housewives and working ladies as well. However, Naqvi has delineated her female characters rebellious of set norms and traditions which show seeds of radicalism in our society. The tentative conclusion of this research will hint at the changing social position of men and women in our society.</em></p> <p><strong>DOI: 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00008.0</strong></p> Muhammad Yar Tanvir, Saleem Usman Ali Copyright (c) 2018 Muhammad Yar Tanvir, Saleem Usman Ali Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 What's Art Got to Do with Happiness in Farabian Utopia <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Farabi has put the artists on the second level of his utopia seeing them as ‘the carrier of the task of religion’. The first level, of course, belongs to God’s prophet and his successors. This might seem, at first, as some sort of religious mumbo-jumbo but with some speculation on the age Farabi was living in, one could see that it is a rarity for artists to be such noteworthy entities in a philosopher’s utopia. This philosopher, of course, is deeply influenced by Greek philosophy, as it was the case for Islamic philosophy before Abu-Hamid Al-Ghazali shattered it into pieces. The level of importance that Farabi imagines for the artists is hardly traceable in Greek philosophy or any other philosophy before him. This importance, however, comes at a price. The artist has a task like that of the prophets. In the prophet’s case, the angel of revelation bestows the rational concepts to his rational faculty and then to his imaginative faculty. The majority of people are not able to obtain rational happiness through reasoning because they are not used to implement their rational faculty. So the prophet, who is well aware of the truth, conveys the truth to peoples’ imagination through allegories and examples. The artist too, in Farabi’s eyes, is a person who can transfer rational happiness to the minds of the masses through sensible and imaginative forms.</em></p> <p><strong>DOI: 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00009.2</strong></p> Maftouni Nadia, Mahmoud Nuri Copyright (c) 2018 Maftouni Nadia, Mahmoud Nuri Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Critical Reflections on the Fall Narrative of Communism <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>The paper critically addresses the fall narrative of the narrative of the failure of the communist experiment. By doing so it makes a conviction that the great fall may have had laid down communism’s burial but had not closed the spirit of revolution and emancipation. More than being loathsome to the violence the fall narrative hangs on to </em>liberal-capitalist-democracy’s<em> hatred for equality and justice. The paper commits to the claim that if the idea of “return to socialism” makes no sense, equally is senseless the triumphalism debate of liberal-capitalism. Saying so the commitment is for “return to the human self” whose even distant possibility lies in socialism only.</em></p> <p><strong>DOI: 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00010.9</strong></p> Smrutipriya Pattnaik, C Upendra Copyright (c) 2018 Smrutipriya Pattnaik, C Upendra Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Interpreting and Comparing the Representations of Hermes in Ancient Greece and Archangel Michael in Macedonian Folk Beliefs <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>This paper provides a comparative interpretation of the Ancient Greek image of Hermes as a mythological figure with the image of Archangel Michael as a highly revered Orthodox saint in modern Macedonian society. The goal of this research is to show the similarities and the differences between these two characters and how these images are understood today in modern society. By comparing the representations of these two characters, popularly accepted as soul reapers and psychopomps and regularly portrayed holding a stick, and then through the comparison of the days that mark their celebration, the aim of this paper is to show that rudiments of Macedonian folk beliefs and customs associated with this saint, although modified, are still strongly present in the Macedonian tradition.</em></p> <p><strong>DOI: 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00011.0</strong></p> Lidija Kovacheva; Shultz Benjamin Copyright (c) 2018 Lidija Kovacheva; Shultz Benjamin Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000